E.C. PROPOSES NEW MEASURES TO COMBAT CAROUSEL VAT FRAUD
by Andrew Lambe, 2nd September 2009
The European Commission (EC) has adopted a proposal for a recast of the Regulation on administrative cooperation for VAT, extending and reinforcing the legal framework for the exchange of information and cooperation between tax authorities. The proposal will also lead to creation of “Eurofisc” a common operational structure allowing Member States to take rapid action in the fight against cross border VAT fraud.
László Kovács, Commissioner for Taxation and Customs, said: “In the current economic situation it is more important than ever to fight tax fraud efficiently and a fully functioning administrative cooperation between tax administrations is key in that respect. My objective is to ensure that tax authorities have all technical and legal means to take action against European Union wide VAT fraud and to ensure that each tax administration is prepared to protect other Member States’ tax revenue as effectively as their own.”
One of the most novel elements in the proposal is the creation of Eurofisc. It is set out to be an operational structure where Member States will in practice, fight fraud together. It should allow a very fast exchange of targeted information between all Member States as well as the setting up of common risk and strategic analysis. This will enable Member States to react timely to stop fraud and catch fraudsters, making it more difficult for new fraud schemes to emerge and spread around the Community
Joint responsibility for the protection of tax receipts
The proposal changes the approach of the protection of VAT revenues. In addition to giving Member States tools to cooperate more closely and to exchange information faster, the Recast regulation sets out that Member States are jointly responsible for the protection of VAT revenues in all Member States.
Direct access to databases
Tax authorities store a large amount of information regarding their own taxpayers in their databases; rapid access to this information can be very useful to other Member States in order to detect cross-border fraud schemes. The proposal grants tax authorities of other Member States a direct access to a defined set of information contained in these databases.
Quality of data
The proposal contains a framework to ensure the quality, comparability and usability of the information contained in national databases. It includes rules on registration, deregistration and rules on initial and regular risk analysis processes.
Information to taxpayers
In order to prevent them from being caught involuntarily in fraud schemes, taxpayers will benefit from an enhanced and secure system of validation of their counterparts’ VAT number and identity. This will significantly increase the legal certainty of their business environment when making intra-community supplies.
Report on the functioning of administrative cooperation
The report drafted according to article 45 of Council Regulation 1798/2003 in cooperation with Member States is the first report since the entry into force of the Regulation. It outlines areas where administrative cooperation is functioning well and points out areas for improvement. Its conclusions have been taken into account in the proposal for the recast of the Regulation.